Magical word that everywhere in the world evokes great wines and symbolizes history, tradition, intimacy and beauty. Our friends who come from everywhere else envy our quality of life, in a sumptuous nature, to make a profession of creation and requirement.
Key figures: 5 regions of production totaling 61776 acres 100 Controlled appellations (AOCs) 570 “Climats” 4730 producers176 million bottles per year 1 billion euros of annual turnover, 550 million in exports
Only two grape varieties: Pinot Noir (for the reds), Chardonnay (for the whites) 39 % red wines 61 % white wines Burgundy is the only "100% AOC" region in France, and it possesses 100 AOC of 467 total in France.
History of wine is not as recent as one could imagine, its existence dates from the Antiquity.
During the second half of the first century, the presence of the Burgundy vineyard is certain. In 312, the Beaune vineyard is first described. It is of importance to note that several wine amphoras were discovered in Bibracte and Alesia, and that the barrels were invented by the Gaul people. In the years 500, Burgundy wines acquired a quality acknowledge by the all Christendom. The monks’ wines show extraordinary endurance and the Clos de Bèze founded in 640 had only two owners until 1790.
An anecdote tells that in 1693, Fragon prescribed a patient "the old burgundy wine" for diet! Another one tells that Napoleon only accepted Chambertin at his table ! The first mutual help society so called "de Saint Vincent" was created in 1719 in Volnay. A decree dating from September 11th, 1936 inaugurated the AOC. The first appellations which benefits from the new status were Merurey, Musigny, Chambolle Musigny, Fixin, la Romanée Saint-Vivant, Gevrey Chambertin, Pouilly Fuissé, Pommard et Vosne Romanée.
Burgundy is full of appellations, associated to the different grape varieties. This particularity allowed the wines to express all the diversity of the terroirs as well as their potential to elaborate complex and authentic wines, with an exceptional aromatic purity.
For the white wines, the main grape variety is the Chardonnay (46% of the planting) followed by the Aligoté (6% of the planting). Concerning the red wines, Pinot Noir represents the main grape variety (36% of the planting) with the Gamay (11% of the planting). The following one are forming the last 1% of the planting: Sauvignon, Pinot Blanc…
Let’s discover now the AOCs system: regional appellations are produced upon a part or the whole region of production, and they represent 23 AOC (53% of the production). The Villages appellations (44 appellations, 35% of the production) are followed or not by the name of a climat, and are produced within the delimitation of a village. The Premier Cru appellations (10% of the production) and the Grands Crus appellation (2% of the production) are also produced on a delimited part of a village.
Burgundy accounts for 5 regions of production : Chablis, Côte de Nuits Côte de Beaune Côte Chalonnaise, and Maconnais.
Chablis : producing only white wines, its area is of 11366 acres. It is divided into 4 categories: Petit Chablis, Chablis, Chablis Premier Cru and Chablis Grand Cru. Côte Chalonnaise : with an area of 10378 acres, its production is divided between 62% red wines and 38% white wines. Côte de Beaune : its area is of 14579 acres and produces 60% red wines and 40% white wines. This vineyard includes the Hautes-Côte de Beaune vineyard (780 hectares).
Côte de Nuits : with its area of 8895 acres, its production is divided between 93% red wines and 7% white wines. This vineyard includes the Hautes-Côtes de Nuits vineyard. Maconnais : it is the biggest region of production within Burgundy with an area of 16556 acres, producing 87% white wines and 13% red wines.